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Empowering Teachers
 home >> Essentials for Reading Success: Components of Reading: Comprehension

A Florida State University Center


Comprehension is the ability to understand and gain meaning from text.
Comprehension occurs as a result of the interaction between the reader and the text. Before reading even begins, reader characteristics, such as word reading ability and vocabulary, impact the level of a student’s comprehension. During reading, students depend on their cognitive and linguistic processing abilities, and their knowledge and skill in the use of comprehension strategies, to construct meaning. After reading, students use other strategies and expressive skills to demonstrate their understanding of the text.

What Happens When a Student Reads
comprehension flow chart graphic
Activities that Increase Reading Comprehension