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Empowering Teachers
 home >> Essentials for Reading Success: Components of Reading: Comprehension: Cognitive Processing

A Florida State University Center

Cognitive Processing

Readers use cognitive processes to organize and make sense of information while reading. These mental processes, which may involve the manipulation of events, concepts, images, and/or thoughts, change throughout the reading of the text. This monitoring during reading helps the reader to analyze, interpret, and use the information from the text. Skilled readers also use a variety of strategies while reading to help improve their comprehension such as making and confirming predictions, stopping to make short summaries and reflect on meaning, and generating questions they want to answer.