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 home >> Essentials for Reading Success: Components of Reading: Comprehension: After Reading

A Florida State University Center


After Reading




After reading, the activities reflect the studentís level and ability to expand on something learned from reading the text. The evaluative activities should reflect or align with the strategies taught in the before reading section. The following are suggested after reading activities:


Questioning

Effective questioning and answering should encourage deeper processing and organization of the text.
  • All types of questioning and answering should be modeled by the teacher
  • Provide questioning that focuses on understanding and connecting ideas
  • Explicit questions should begin with who?, what?, when?, where? and develop into implicit questions of why?, how? and what if?
  • Questioning/answering may then be used by students to self monitor understanding while reading the text
  • Use graphic organizers, discussions, illustrations, and writing to convey understanding

Managing Text

A deeper level of understanding occurs when a student recognizes and uses the structural elements of the text.
  • Identify and discuss problem/solution, sequencing of events, main idea, and supporting details
  • Compare and contrast passage details
  • Review predictions for accuracy and amend them based on new knowledge
  • Identify and discuss cause/effect relations in informational text
  • Identify and discuss story grammar elements such as character and plot
  • Identify and discuss whether literary text is based on fact or opinion
  • Identify language features (e.g., vocabulary, syntax, expressions) that may influence meaning
  • Use graphic organizers, discussions, illustrations, and writing to convey understanding

Summarizing the Text

When students summarize a text, they are determining the important elements of a text and putting this information into their own words.
  • Examine small sections of text to determine main idea
  • Determine the main idea of the whole text (expository)/Determine plot (narrative)
  • Retell what happened in the text using additional details to elaborate
  • Summarize the text
  • Use graphic organizers, discussions, illustrations, and writing to convey understanding

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